If you have periodontal disease, you may wonder if you can reverse the disease and have healthy gums again. It is important to note that the condition has four major stages; gingivitis, initial periodontitis, mild periodontitis, and progressive periodontitis. Only the first stage of the disease, gingivitis, is reversible.
Gingivitis is Reversible
Gingivitis occurs when food debris accumulates in your mouth, over time causing accumulation of tartar and plaque on the teeth. If you don't eliminate the tartar and plaque on time, it will cause the production of harmful bacteria. The bacteria causes swelling and infection of your gums, known as gingivitis. This is the first stage of periodontal disease and only affects the gum tissues without damaging the bone tissues. With antibiotics, scaling, and root planing, it is possible to reverse the condition and have healthy gums.
Other Stages of Periodontal Disease are not Reversible
If you don't seek dental help at the first stage of periodontal disease, it will be impossible to reverse the condition after it has progressed to other stages. Periodontitis causes irreversible damage to the gums and teeth. Advanced stages are pretty challenging to manage, and an oral surgeon can use flap surgery to remove plaque and tartar surgically. The surgical procedure also helps to readjust the receding gum tissues and minimize further deterioration.
In severe cases where the gum tissues are almost destroyed. An oral surgeon can use tissue and bone grafts to replace the lost tissues. If you have lost teeth, a dental expert will recommend replacement with synthetic ones such as dental implants and crowns.
Periodontitis is a gum infection that can cause severe problems in your gums and teeth. Practicing oral hygiene tips is the only way to prevent this condition. You should also avoid eating sugary foods, smoking, and adopting a healthy diet. Ensure you visit your dentist frequently for cleaning and oral exams.